Transportation Improvement Program (TIP)

The 2015-2019 Transportation Improvement Program for the GSATS area is a five-year program of transportation capital projects together with a three-year estimate of transit capital and maintenance requirements. While the TIP is usually approved biennially, the document may be amended throughout the year. MAP-21, as well as the Metropolitan Planning Regulations, mandates that a TIP comprise the following:

  1. Identify transportation improvement projects recommended for advancement during the program years. The projects required are those located within the study area and receiving and Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) or Federal Transit Administration (FTA) funds;

  2. Identify the criteria and process for prioritization for inclusion of projects in the TIP and any changes from past TIPs;

  3. Group improvements of similar urgency and anticipated staging into appropriate staging periods;

  4. Include realistic estimates of total costs and revenue for the program period;

  5. Include a discussion of how improvements recommended from the Long Range Transportation Plan were merged into the TIP;

  6. List major projects from previous TIPs that were implemented and identify and major delays in planned implementation;

The TIP may also include regional highway projects that are being implemented by the State, City and County for which federal funding is requested.


Relationship of the TIP to             Other Transportation Programs

Just as each metropolitan region is required to develop a TIP, each state is required to develop a Statewide Transportation Improvement Program (STIP) pursuant to federal regulations. The STIP includes all federally funded transportation projects from throughout the State. In South Carolina, MPO TIPS are included in the STIP without modification once approved by the relevant Metropolitan Planning Organization (GSATS, in the case of the Grand Strand Area) and after the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) and the Federal Transit Administration (FTA) make their required financial constraint findings.

Projects must be in the STIP before funding authorities, such as FTA, FHWA, or the South Carolina Department of Transportation (SCDOT); can "obligate" funds (i.e., commit funds to contract) and therefore, before sponsors can actually spend any of these moneys. SCDOT and FHWA approved a STIP Process in August, 2013.